CompTIA A+ 220-902 Question H-15

Which of the following scenarios BEST defines phishing?

A. A user receives an email from a friend to download a picture but the file format ends in .exe.
B. A user receives a pop-up message about a virus from a company that states that if they buy this product it will remove the virus.
C. A user receives a message about unwanted activity from their antivirus asking to remove the suspect file.
D. A user receives an email from a person in another country with a story as to why they need help with a financial arrangement.